|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated November 28, 1998|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
Region of northern Peloponnese along the southern
coast of the gulfs of Corinth and Calydon
Achaia (or Achæa) owes its name to the mythological hero Achæus, brother of Ion (the eponym of the Ionians) and son of Xouthus, a son of Hellen and grandson of Deucalion. Achæus' mother was Creüsa, a daughter of Erechtheus, king of Athens. "Achæans" was the name given to the offspring of Achæus, one of the hellenic tribes that populated Greece ; it is also one of the names that Homer uses most often to designate the Greeks as a whole.
In his Histories, I, 145-146, Herodotus tells us that the Achæans settled in what later became known as Achaia by driving the Ionians that had settled there earlier out (after they had themselves been expelled from Argolis and Laconia by the Dorians).