|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated December 12, 1998|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
City of southwestern Peloponnese, west of Sparta,
in the district of Messenia (area
Messenia had been conquered by Sparta during the VIIIth century B. C., and most of its population had become slaves of Sparta, under the name "Helots", so that an earlier city by the name of Messene no longer existed. Some fleeing Messenian eventually ended up in Sicily, where they took over the city of Zancle and rebaptized it Messina in memory of their former city.
After Epaminondas, the Theban general, following his victory over Sparta at Leuctra (371), freed the Messenian Helots of Sparta's dominion, they rebuilt Messene at the foot of Mount Ithome.