|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated December 5, 1998|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
City of north-eastern Sicily that gave its name to
the straight between Italy and Sicily (area 1).
The original name of the city was Zancle. Founded by pirates from Cumæ (a Greek settlement in Italy, in the Naples area), it was successively taken over by new settlers coming from Euboea, then from Samos and Ionia, and eventually by Messenians having fled their country in Peloponnese and first settled in Reggio, who changed its name to that of their former city, Messene (see Thucydides, VI, 4, 5 ; the Greek names of both cities was the same, but have evolved differently through Latin, Italian and English translations).