|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated December 13, 1998|
|Plato and his dialogues : Home - Biography - Works - History of interpretation - New hypotheses - Map of dialogues : table version or non tabular version. Tools : Index of persons and locations - Detailed and synoptic chronologies - Maps of Ancient Greek World. Site information : About the author.|
This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
Peninsula in northern Black Sea (today's Crimea), part of Scythia
Tauris is the region where, according to legends, Iphigenia, the daughter of Agamemnon, was led by Artemis who had saved her at the last minute from death in Aulis, after her father had ordered her sacrificed to propitiate the goddess and bring wind on the area where the Greek fleet was waiting to sail toward Troy. There, Iphigenia became priestess of Artemis at the court of king Thoas and had to sacrifice foreigners landing on the shore until one day, she recognized in two foreigners her brother Orestes and his friend Pylades, sent there by the oracle of Delphi to bring back the statue of Artemis. Iphigenia then helped them steal the statue and fled with them (see Euripides' Iphigeneia in Tauris).
A description of Tauris is provided by Herodotus in his Histories at IV, 99-100. At IV, 103, he describes their mores, especially their habit of sacrificing Greek prisonners to a goddess they identify with Iphigenia herself.