|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated December 9, 1998|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
City of southern Italy (area 11).
The city was founded in 720 by settlers from Peloponnese and was very prosperous for a while. It retained a reputation of luxury and lush life (hence the word "sybarite" for one living a life of pleasure and luxury ; see Herodotus, VI, 127).
The city was destroyed in 511 by neighboring Crotona (Herodotus, V, 44-45 and VI, 21). After two unsuccessful attempts at reviving the city, the panhellenic city of Thurii was created near the site of Sybaris in 444 at the instigation of Pericles.