|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated December 25, 2004|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
City of former Phoenicia along the coast of today's Lebanon (area
Tyre was one of the main cities of the Phoenicians, a Semitic people settled along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean that is part of today's Syria. Along with Sidon, another Phoenician city a few miles north, Tyre is often mentionned in the Bible. Indeed, these cities were neighbors of the kingdom of Israel, and it is from the king of Tyre, Hiram (969-936 B. C.), that Solomon obtained the wood -- cedars of Lebanon-- he needed to built the temple in Jerusalem (I Kings, 5, 15-26). Later, after the kingdon was split, Ahab, king of Israel (around 873-852 B. C.), married Jezebel, a daughter of Ethbaal, a king of the Sidonians, and tried to introduce Phoenicians gods in he kingdom of Israel (I Kings, 17, 29-33). In biblical times, Tyre was one of the busiest harbours of the whole Mediterranean, an extremely wealthy city, due to Phoenicians' heavy involvment in maritime trade (some of Ezekiel's prophecies against Tyre give a very vivid description of the city and its wealth : Ezekiel, 26-28).